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What is Composting?

Simply put, Composting is a way to purify and reuse organic waste produced by human civilizations. Making compost is a simple and natural procedure that involves human cooperation with nature itself. By composting, humanity uses the most energy efficient method for dealing with the most harmful and toxic of organic substances. Below are a list of past and current articles.

Compost is a word of Latin origin coming from the word “compositus” (to compose, or put together), “com” – together plus “ponere” – to place. In this case placing together different substances that decompose (or fall apart), to produce a newly composed substance composed of rotted organic materials called “humus” (from Latin meaning “earth, soil”). The earliest writings known today were written on clay tablets from the Akkadian Empire in ancient Mesopotamia that mentions the return of manures to the soil. And throughout history, the Greeks, Early Hebrews, Romans, even into the Middle Ages until today, the art of composting has survived.

Human cooperation means not only helping nature, but also, helping ourselves. Statistically, the amount of organic waste produced in the world is astronomical, and it usually ends up somewhere like a landfill, where it is rained on and eventually seeps into underground rivers, polluting our natural drinking water. Composting, is a way of using the organic waste we throw away by mixing it with things such as peat-moss, hedge clippings, sawdust, woodchips, dried grass… etc. is this all that is needed to compost? Well, compost must be protected from contact with water, and tumbled from time to time. Carbon and Nitrogen are the basic resources obtained, but to decompose them both humidity and oxygen are also needed. Carbon is the basic building block of all life on earth, and can be found in any organic material, since the very definition of the word “organic” is any molecule containing carbon.

Composting implies that from these decomposing resources, a product called “humus” will be obtained. Humidity and Oxygen are required to create the temperatures and conditions necessary for fungi and other microorganisms that participate in the breakdown process of decomposing organic materials to produce humus. High temperatures, will kill any volatile organisms that can be found in compost, such as when composting manure. And in the end, enriching humus is made, which can be put on lawns, flower beds, parks, forests, gardens and even plantations.

No matter what material is to be composted, composting continues to be the most energy efficient method for dealing with organic wastes produced by human civilizations. By composting correctly and safely, humankind can walk in harmony with Mother Nature. But to compost in such an efficient manner, also means learning about the world outside the city gates and keeping an eye on those things that can perhaps be alternatives to the harmful things that have been done in the past. Keeping ourselves, in this way prepared for a better, and brighter future.